Georgia's biggest cave town

Facts about Vardzia Cave Town

Facts about

Georgia  Country:
12-13th century  Founded:
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Vardzia Cave Town

Samtskhe-Javakheti

Vardzia is the biggest rock-hewn town in Georgia. The cave town from the 12th century played a significant role in Georgian history.

The cave town Vardzia is located in the Javakheti region in the south-west of Georgia on the left bank of the river Mtkvari in the middle of a huge gorge which offers unforgettable views. To this day, some monks still live in the caves. Every morning at seven they ring the bell in the high arch.

Legend of the name's origin

According to a legend, Vardzia has got his name as follows. King George III was hunting in this area with his daughter Tamar, but Tamar got lost in the caves. When the king realized that they lost her, everyone starter to search for her. One of the huntsmen started to shout: «Where are you, Tamar?». They finally heard her voice coming from inside the caves: «Ak vard dzia», which is Georgian and means «I am here uncle». Hence the name Vardzia.

Vardzia's long history

The construction of the fortress was started by Giorgi III and finished by his daughter, Queen Tamar, who changed its original designation as a fortress and introduced it as a massive, fortified monastery. The complex was mostly constructed between 1156 and 1203.

In 1551, Vardzia was sacked by the Shah of Iran, Tamaz I. The Persians stole the famous icon of Mary, golden and steel doors and many other treasures. In 1578, Vardzia was again sacked by the Turks. Many monks were killed, whoever survived was scattered in different directions and the monastery became uninhabited. After the Soviet rule was established in Georgia, at first, Vardzia was a tourist base and later, in 1983, a museum was established. In 1989, by the blessing of Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia, Ilia II, the liturgy was revitalized again as well as the monastery life later in 1999.

Vardzia Cave Town

The caves of ancient Vardzia which were hewn in the rocks of Erusheti Mountain.

Church of the Dormition

The Church of the Dormition was the central spiritual and monumental focus of the site. Carved similarly from the rock, its walls reinforced in stone, it measures 8.2 meters by 14.5 meters, rising to a height of 9.2 meters. On the north wall are portraits of the royal founders, George III and Tamar; she lacks the ribbon that is the attribute of a married woman and her inscription includes the formula «God grant her a long life», while that of Giorgi does not; this helps date the paintings to between Giorgi's death in 1184 and Tamar's marriage in 1186.

 On the rear wall of the sanctuary, behind the altar, are Twelve Church Fathers. In the narthex are scenes of the Last Judgment, Bosom of Abraham, Angels bearing a Medallion with the Cross, and three scenes from the life of Sint Sthepen; other paintings were lost in the 1283 earthquake.

Private tour to Vardzia

Are you interested in a private tour to Vardzia Cave Town or to any other place in Georgia and in the Caucasus? Tell us about your ideas and immediately get an offer without obligation from us.


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How to get there

Vardzia Cave Town by car

By car

The journey from Tbilisi to Vardzia takes around 4 hours.

Vardzia Cave Town by minibus

By minibus

From Didube Station in Tbilisi you should take a minibus to Akhaltsikhe. There you will find minibusses to Vardzia, but probably you should stay one night in Akhaltsikhe.

Vardzia Cave Town by plane

By plane

The closest airport is the Kutaisi International Airport. The journey by car or taxi takes about 4 hours.

Vardzia Cave Town by train

By train

There is no direct train to Vardzia Cave Town.

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Impressions

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