Facts about Yerevan
Yerevan is not only the country's largest city, but also its cultural center. It has numerous museums such as the Historical Museum of Armenia, the Armenian National Gallery, the Cafesjian Museum of Arts and the Armenian Genocide Museum.
Yerevan and its long history
Already since the 4th millennium B.C. the area of today's Yerevans was inhabited. In Arin Berd, Berdadzor, Karmir Berd, Karmir Blur, Zhengawit and Zizernakaberd fortified settlements from the Bronze Age can be found.
In 658 Yerevan was conquered by the Arabs, later by the Bagratides and the Seljuks. In 1387 it was Timur Lenk who invaded Yerevan. For a long time the city was fiercely contested due to its strategically important location on the Silk Road. Especially the Ottomans and the Persians wanted to take the city. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, Yerevan was ruled 14 times - only by the Ottomans and the Persians. Due to deportations, the Armenian population in the city fell to less than 20% at the beginning of the 17th century. From 1747 the city belonged to the Khanat Yerevan, a Muslim principality under Persian rule. 80 years later the Russians conquered the city and incorporated it into their empire.
From 1918 to 1920 Armenia and Yerevan were independent for a short time, but already in 1921 the Soviets annexed the country and as Armenian SSR made it part of their giant empire.
Since 1991, Yerevan has been the capital of the independent state of Armenia.
How to get to Yerevan
Due to the conflict in the Donbass, it is not possible to take the route via Poland, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia. We recommend to travel via Serbia, Bulgaria, Turkey and Georgia.
There are connections from Tbilisi; the journey takes 5 hours. There are also minibus connections from Istanbul, Tehran and various Russian cities and towns on the Black Sea.
At Yerevan International Airport flights land from most European cities such as Amsterdam, Athens, Berlin, Kiev, London, Moscow, Paris, Prague, Riga, St. Petersburg, Vienna and Zurich.
There is a night train from Tbilisi to Yerevan every other day. The journey takes about nine hours.
Things to do in Yerevan
Für die Armenierinnen und Armenier ist das Kloster Chor Virap eine der wichtigsten religiösen und kulturellen Stätten im Land. Das Kloster, das 2016 auch Papst Franziskus besucht hat, befindet sich nur etwa 40 Kilometer südlich von Yerevan, womit es unter den Touristen zum Pflichtprogramm zählt. Read more ...