Fakten über Sugdidi
Die Stadt Sugdidi ist der Hauptort der westgeorgischen Region Mingrelien und Oberswanetien. Sie liegt 10 km von der Grenze zu Abchasien und rund 30 km Luftlinie vom der Küste des Schwarzen Meeres entfernt. Ihren Namen hat die Stadt vom Hügel «Zurg Didi».
Die meisten Touristen kennen Sugdidi nur vom Vorbeifahren, da die Stadt an der Route von Kutaissi nach Mestia liegt. Ein Stopp in Sugdidi würde sich aber allemal lohnen, denn die 43'000-Einwohner-Stadt ist das wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Zentrum Mingreliens. Die Region war einst ein eigenes Fürstentum und blickt auf eine lange Geschichte zurück.
Die wichtigste Sehenswürdigkeit in Sugdidi ist der Dadiani-Palast aus dem 19. Jahrhundert.
Bird watching around Zugdidi
Today, Samegrelo is known for its warm, subtropical climate, which is especially visible in the forest of Kolkheti, covered with forests and marshes, an ideal environment for bird watching.
500 grape varieties in Samegrelo
Most of the inhabitants of Zugdidi as well as of its surrounding region Samegrelo are Megrelians, who are bilingual. They speak Georgian as well as Megrelian, which belongs to the South Caucasian languages, too. This particular region of Georgia is well known for its special nutritious cuisine and wine. There are more than 500 grape varieties in Georgia and 60 of them grows in Samegrelo. The most worth tasting food of the Megrelian cuisine are: Megrelian (megruli) Khachapuri, Gomi, Megrelian Sulguni cheese, Elarji and Satsivi.
The Dadiani Palace Museum from the 19th century
Historic and architectural monuments are easily to be found around like Dadiani Palace Museum built in 19th century, is the main architectural landmark of Samegrelo region. The museum subsists the palace of Samegrelo Queen Ekaterine Chavchavadze-Dadiani and Niko Dadiani's and the botanical garden built by the Levan Dadiani. More than 45 thousand exhibits are kept in the museum, Including Napoleon's mask and the robe of the Virgin Mary. The museum is located around 67 hectares of forest and park trees and shrubs of different kinds of trees.
While travelling here, take 20 min dive to Rukhi fortress, the medieval fortress in western Georgia, built in 17th century, by Levan II Dadiani. Once represented a significant military structure for the province because of its location but nowadays here you will only find its ruins. Located in Zugdidi district, village Rukhi Territory, Left edge of Enguri river.
Not so famous village of Tsaisi, located 10 km away from Zugdidi is very interesting for its therapeutic thermal waters. Some families have built greenhouses on the thermal waters supply and turned the products as business. In Tsaishi you will find one of the oldest episcopates of Georgia - the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary, dating back to 13th to 14th century.
On the road to Svaneti, to the south of Caucasus you will meet the largest water reservoir in the south caucasus “Engurihes” - Enguri Hydro Power Plant, which is considered to be the cultural heritage. The skull shape reservoir length is approximately 728 meters and located on the river Enguri. Enguri dam was built in 1961-1978.
Martvili canyon - in ancient time this place was recognized as a sacred site and a bath place for Georgian nobles, Dadiani family, nowadays represents Samegrelo region’s important touristic sights. Here you can enjoy the incredible scenery of waterfalls, emerald-green river of Abasha. Entrance cost is 15 Gel but you should definitely take a boat trip and pay additional 10 Gel. In Martvili village you can discover the mountain Lematic Balneological resort of Lebarde.
Tsalenjikha located on the edge of Egrisi Mountain and about 30 km away from Zugdidi is a historic place in Samegrelo region. Tsalenjikha cathedral is the medieval monuments built in 12-14th century, best known for its unique cycle of murals and Byzantine architectural style. 15 min away on the Kvira Mountain you can find “The swinging stone” which literally with a simple touch of a human, makes the giant rock wobble. The rock height is 271 meter.
One of the highest located village in Samegrelo region is Otsindale. Here you can explore the Otsindale cathedral of Saint Giorgi complex, which dates back to the 11th century, and a tower, which was constructed around the 8th century. The road is quite dangerous to drive, situated 640 meters above the sea level is best to explore by hiking.
After 30 min drive from Zugdidi you can discover Xhobi municipality of Samegrelo. The first thing to do here is to see a church monastery complex built on the edge of the 13th - 14th Century, which combines the Cathedral of Dadiani, the bell tower and the wall. Nearby hiking or camping is also possible at Papantskvili or Nazmakhus Lakes.
Nevertheless the city is recognized to be a connecting way to Svaneti, the city life, culture and architectural sights will amaze every traveler and for more the best city to try and taste authentic Georgian cuisine
Anreise nach Sugdidi
Mit dem Auto
Die Strassen nach Sugdidi sind durchwegs in einem guten Zustand. Aus Tiflis dauert die Anreise 5 Stunden, aus Batumi 2.5 Stunden und aus Kutaissi knapp 2 Stunden.
Mit dem Minibus
Nach Sugdidi gibt es Busverbindungen aus den meisten Städten Georgiens. Die Minibusse fahren jeweils an der zentralen Busstation. In Tiflis fahren sie alle zwei Stunden ab der Station Didube. Ein Weg kostet 15 GEL.
Mit dem Flugzeug
Einen Flughafen gibt es in Sugdidi nicht. Der nächstgelegene Flughafen befindet sich in Kutaissi (knapp 2 Stunden mit dem Auto). Es ist jedoch der Neubau eines Flughafens in Sugdidi geplant.
Mit dem Zug
Sugdidi ist ans georgische Schienennetz angeschlossen. Aus Tiflis gibt es Verbindungen, die 5 Stunden dauern und 16 GEL kosten.